09 Oct Basic facts about Russia. Russia for beginners.
It is huge and dominant, welcoming and outrageous, magnificent and stunning, proud and self-criticizing. If Russia were a person it would be one of the most contradictory personalities you ever knew. And nevertheless the most attractive and appealing. So let’s jump into the basic facts about Russia one should know!
1. The biggest country in the world.
Its territory is 17 075 400 square kilometers. You can compare it with 48 territories of Germany or 31 territories of France. To get from the eastern point of Russia to western you will need around 11 hours by plain.
Russia has 9 time zones. It actually means, when it is day time in the west, in the east it is night already. The people who live on Ratmanov Ireland, which is situated in the east, are the first ones to start every new day on our planet.
2. Diverse climates.
Russia lies over 4 climate zones. The dominance takes a humid continental climate. This diversity means that Russian landscapes can include everything: snowy mountains, vast tundra forests, sea, and palms.
The average temperature varies from region to region. In winter in Siberia it is around -50 °C and for Sochi +6 °C. In summer accordingly from +6 °C to +25 °C.
3. People – different look, one country.
The population of Russia is 143 million people. Though the density of the population is 8.3/km2 (21.5/sq mi). Meaning in some parts of the country you might feel a bit lonely. But definitely not in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk or Yekaterinburg – Russia’s largest cities.
Russia is a multi-national country. Distribution among nations is: 81% of population is Russian, 3.7% Tatars, 1.4% Ukrainians, 1.1% Bashkirs, 1% Chuvashes, 11.8% others. This basically means that Russians have very different appearance: European look, Asian look, Meddle-east look.
Official spoken language is Russian, which uses the Cyrillic alphabet. In some regions of the country people speak languages of minorities, which live there.
4. Arts and science.
Russia is a motherland for many great people: writers Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, composers Tchaikovsky and Rakhmaninov; has the outstanding tradition of repertory theatres and probably the best ballet school in the world.
In St. Petersburg alone there are 2,000 libraries, 221 museums, 80 theaters, 100 concert halls, 45 art galleries, 62 movie theaters, 80 nightclubs, and over 100 concerts, shows and festivals each year.
Read our article about Russian ballet.
So many things to experience!!
We were happy to put all this info into infographics about Russia, so it will be fun for you to learn facts about Russia! Enjoy!